[Article] Dosimetry Methods and Clinical Applications in Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy for Neuroendocrine Tumours: A Literature Review


Dosimetry methods and clinical applications in peptide receptor radionuclide therapy for neuroendocrine tumours: a literature review

Daphne Merel Valerie Huizing1, Berlinda Jantina de Wit-van der Veen1, Marcel Verheij2 and Marcellus Petrus Maria Stokkel1
1 Department of Nuclear Medicine, Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
2 Department of Radiation Oncology, Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: The main challenge for systemic radiation therapy using radiopharmaceuticals (SRT) is to optimise the dose delivered to the tumour, while minimising normal tissue irradiation. Dosimetry could help to increase therapy response and decrease toxicity after SRT by individual treatment planning. Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) is an accepted SRT treatment option for irresectable and metastatic neuroendocrine tumours (NET). However, dosimetry in PRRT is not routinely performed, mainly due to the lack of evidence in literature and clinical implementation difficulties. The goal of this review is to provide insight in dosimetry methods and requirements and to present an overview of clinical aspects of dosimetry in PRRT for NET.

Methods: A PubMed query including the search criteria dosimetry, radiation dose, peptide receptor radionuclide therapy, and radionuclide therapy was performed. Articles were selected based on title and abstract, and description of dosimetric approach.

Results: A total of 288 original articles were included. The most important dosimetry methods, their main advantages and limitations, and implications in the clinical setting are discussed. An overview of dosimetry in clinical studies regarding PRRT treatment for NET is provided.

Conclusion: Clinical dosimetry in PRRT is feasible and can result in improved treatment outcomes. Current clinical dosimetry studies focus on safety and apply non-voxel-based dosimetry methods. Personalised treatment using sophisticated dosimetry methods to assess tumour and normal tissue uptake in clinical trials is the next step towards routine dosimetry in PRRT for NET.